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Madagascar

The fourth largest island in the world with 587,000 km² and the capital Antananarivo is located off the east coast of Mozambique (Africa) in the Indian Ocean. At the beginning of the 19th century, viticulture was established here by Jesuit missionaries. The botanist André Michaux (1746-1802) planted the Isabella variety in 1802. In 1886, Americans carried out cultivation experiments in the southern highlands and other parts of the country. Madagascar was a French colony from 1896 to 1960. From the 1920s onwards, there were significant production quantities. In 1958, the Cistercians founded the Maromby monastery near Fianarantsoa, which is still dedicated to viticulture today. Since independence, wine production has been carried out mainly by Chilean immigrants. In the early 1960s, Swiss settlers motivated members of the Betsileo tribe to use their experience with rice culture for viticulture.

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