Ancient Macedonia (Macedonia, Makedonía) on the north-western edge of the Aegean Sea was a kingdom in northern Greece and rose to great power under King Philip II. (359-336 BC) it rose to become a great power. He ruled over almost the entire Balkan Peninsula. For his son Alexander the Great (356-323 BC), Macedonia served only as a base for his military campaigns. The Macedonian kings were known for their drinking and Alexander was allegedly slain during a drinking bout. In 167 BC, the empire collapsed and came under Roman rule. When the Roman Empire was divided in 395, the province became part of the Byzantine Empire. After a chequered history, the territory was divided between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria in 1913 and between Greece and Yugoslavia in 1947.