Ancient Macedonia (Macedonia, Macedonía) on the northwestern edge of the Aegean Sea was a kingdom in northern Greece and rose to power under King Philip II. (359-336 B.C.) it rose to become a great power. He ruled over almost the entire Balkan Peninsula. His son Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) used Macedonia only as a base for his campaigns. The Macedonian kings were known for their ability to drink and Alexander was allegedly killed during a drinking session. In 167 BC the empire collapsed and came under Roman rule. When the Roman Empire was divided, in 395 the province was defeated to the Byzantine Empire. After an eventful history, the territory was divided between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria in 1913 and between Greece and Yugoslavia in 1947.
The largest Greek region of Macedonia, covering 34,000 square kilometres, with the three-pronged peninsula of Chalkidike (with the famous monk's mountain Ágion Óros on Athos) and the capital Thessaloniki, is excellently suited for wine growing. The climate is fundamentally different from the other Greek wine-growing regions. The most important red wine varieties are Xinomavro (main variety of the region), Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah, the most important white wine varieties are Roditis, Assyrtiko, Malagousia, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. There are four appellations classified as POP, these are Amynteo, Côtes de Meliton, Goumenissa and Naoussa. In Macedonia, the three major producers Boutari, Carras and Tsantali have vineyards or wineries.
The former Yugoslav province of Macedonia became independent in 1991 and called itself the Republika Makedonija (German Macedonia). However, Greece claims the sole right to use the name. Because of the name dispute, the state was also called the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). The long-standing disputes between the two countries over the name were finally brought to a peaceful end. On 12 February 2019, it was officially renamed Northern Macedonia