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Ancient Macedonia (Macedonia, Makedonía) on the northwest edge of the Aegean Sea was a kingdom in northern Greece and rose to power under King Philip II. (359-336 B.C.) it rose to become a great power. He ruled over almost the entire Balkan Peninsula. His son Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) used Macedonia only as a base for his campaigns. The Macedonian kings were known for their ability to drink and Alexander was allegedly killed during a drinking session. In 167 BC the empire collapsed and came under Roman rule. When the Roman Empire was divided, in 395 the province was defeated to the Byzantine Empire. After an eventful history, the territory was divided between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria in 1913 and between Greece and Yugoslavia in 1947.

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