The white grape variety originates from Spain (Middle East by hypothesis). Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Gredelin, Lardot, Maccabéo, Maccabeu, Ugni Blanc (France); Charas Blanc (California); Macabeu, Subirat, Subirats, Viura, Vuera (Spain). Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the varieties Alcañón, Trebbiano Toscano (Ugni Blanc) or the genetically similar Xarello. DNA analyses carried out in 2013 revealed a parentage of Hebén x Brustiano Faux (not identical to Brustiano Bianco). The variety was a crossing partner of the new varieties Calina (2) and Tulillah. The origin is probably Penedès in Catalonia, where it was first mentioned in 1617 by the agronomist Miquel Agustí (1560-1630) in his book on agriculture. The variety was introduced at the beginning of the 19th century in the south of France in Roussillon, where it was first mentioned in Perpignan near the Spanish border in 1816. The late-maturing, high-yielding variety is resistant to drought and dryness, but is particularly susceptible to botrytis and somewhat less to downy mildew. It yields high-alcohol, rather low-acid white wines with a floral character. They are well suited for barrique ageing.
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