The French ruler Louis XIV (1638-1715), known as the "Sun King", represents the high point of the absolutist monarchy in Europe. His main goal was the complete centralisation of all power over his person, which is manifested by the saying "L'état c'est moi" (The State is me). He surrounded himself with the most outstanding men of his era in the fields of administration, economy, construction, military, art and science.
The royal family owned large areas of vineyards in all the major wine-growing regions, traditionally for example in Aÿ, the most important municipality in Champagne. During the reign of Louis XIV, the unstoppable rise of Champagne also began. The famous Benedictine monk Dom Pierre Pérignon (1638-1715), who made a decisive contribution to the development of this sparkling wine, interestingly enough has the same dates of life as Louis XIV.