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Listán Negro

The red grape variety comes from the Canary Islands(Spain). Synonyms are Almuñeco, Forastera Negra, Icod de Los Vinos, Listán Morado, Muneco Negro, Negra Común, Negra Gruesa, Negra Mulate, Negro Común, Negro Morcillo and Negro Muelle. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2018, it is the result of a presumably natural cross between the red Mollar Cano (Negra Mulate) x the white Palomino (Listán Blanco). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics). In spite of apparently indicative synonyms or morphological or name similarities, it should not be confused with the Listán Prieto (here Moscatel Negro) or Negramoll varieties. It is said that it was brought to the islands by the Spaniards as early as the 15th century. The high-yield vine produces aromatic red wines. It is the most important red grape variety of the Canary Islands, where it is cultivated especially in the north of Tenerife and is often blended with Negramoll. This is done partly in small craters or artificially created hollows in the volcanic soil to collect moisture and offer protection from the Sahara winds. In 2016, 2,847 hectares of vineyards were designated in Spain. This puts the variety in 150th place in the worldwide grape variety ranking (Kym Anderson).

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