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Wine-growing region in the central west of Portugal. The name Estremadura, which was valid until 2008, was therefore changed to avoid confusion with the Spanish region of Extremadura. The vineyards cover 30,000 hectares of vines, stretching immediately north of Lisbon along the Atlantic coast northwards to the city of Leiria. Lisboa is also the name of the IGP area (country wines) that encompasses the entire region. The climate is strongly influenced by the nearby cool Atlantic Ocean and is characterised by relatively mild winters and warm, but not excessively hot summers. The sea air coming in from the west brings enough rainfall so that no artificial irrigation is necessary. The medium-heavy soils are often clayey with varying amounts of lime. There are nine DOC areas here:

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