The Greek volcanic island (also Lemnos or Limnio) with almost 480 km² is located in the northern Aegean Sea between the peninsula Athos in the northwest and the Asia Minor mainland in the east. According to Greek mythology, the limping Hephaistos (Roman Vulcanus), the Greek god of fire and forge, lived here. The Greek poet Homer (8th century B.C.) mentions the island as the source of wine for the Greek army during the siege of Troy in his work "Iliad" and tells how Hephaistos forged new weapons for the hero Achilles. Towards the end of the 19th century, phylloxera destroyed the vineyards with autochthonous vines, and reconstruction was carried out mainly with the Moscato Aspro(Muscat Blanc) and Muscat d'Alexandrie varieties.
The vineyards cover around 1,200 hectares of vines. There are two POP appellations. The white wine Limnos is made from the varieties Moscato Aspro and Muscat d'Alexandrie. It is aged dry, semi-dry and sweet. The sweet dessert wine Muscat of Limnos is produced 100% pure from the Muscat d'Alexandrie variety. There are the versions Vin doux naturel, Vin de liqueur (both sprayed) and Vin naturellement doux. If the grapes come from particularly old vineyards with low yields, the designation Vin Doux Grand Cru may be used on the label. An unqualified red wine is produced from the autochthonous variety Limnio. Well-known producers are Limnos Organic Wines and Hatzigeorgiou.