The small principality with the capital Vaduz covers 160.5 km² and lies between Switzerland and Austria. Viticulture has been practised there for 2,000 years; the first vines were brought to the country by the Romans. Around 1600, there were severe losses as a result of the climate deterioration known as the Little Ice Age. At that time, many vineyards were converted into orchards. At that time, mainly Weißer Elbling and, from the middle of the 17th century, Blauburgunder were cultivated. Today, the vineyards cover only about 25 hectares, located in the municipalities of Balzers, Eschen, Gamprin-Bendern, Schaan, Schellenberg, Triesen and Vaduz on the southern slopes of the Rhine Valley. The main grape varieties grown are Chardonnay, Pinot Noir. Müller-Thurgau and Ruländer (Pinot Gris) are cultivated. Specialities are Beerliwein (Pinot Noir) and Kretzer (a sweet made from Pinot Noir). Well-known wineries are Castellum, Hoop, Hofkellerei Stiftung Fürst Liechtenstein and Harry Zech.
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