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The island (also Lesvos) is located in the northern Aegean Sea and is the third largest in Greece with 2,135 km². In 600 BC, the lyric poets Sappho (after whom same-sex love among women is named as Sapphism) and Alcaeus, from whom many drinking songs and probably the most famous saying about wine originated, lived on this island at the same time: In vino veritas (in wine there is truth). Charaxos - the brother of Sappho - sailed as a merchant with a shipload of wine to Naukratis in Egypt. The philosopher and botanist Theophrastos (370-287 BC), who wrote about viticulture, was also born here. The island of Lesbos is best known for its olives, with over 13 million olive trees. Wine is also produced, but there are no appellations classified as POP (Prostatevomenis Onomasías Proelefsis).

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