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Leading varieties

Designation (also called original variety) for a grape variety that is considered the origin(mother or father) of many other varieties within a large group in the vine family tree. Naturally, these are exclusively very old grape varieties. Most of the cultivated varieties cultivated in Western Europe today can be traced back to a relatively small group of lead varieties and their spontaneous (natural) crossings. The most important is probably Gouais Blanc (Heunisch or White Heunisch), of which there are well over 100 varieties, including Riesling (Germany), Chardonnay (France), Blaufränkisch and Silvaner (Austria), and Furmint (Hungary).

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