Name for the side shoots of the vine growing out of the leaf axils of the main shoots. There are numerous local names and synonyms such as Aberzahn, Dolder, Drohler, Eberzahn, Enkel, Geize, Irxe, Kindlein, Ohrlaub and Uchse. In some cases, however, this is also the name given to grapes growing on stingy shoots. The shoots form from the eye of a shoot, which is called the summer bud. The winter bud next to it then grows into a new summer shoot the following spring. Especially when the main shoot tips early, the summer bud can grow into a considerable side shoot, which can even flower and fruit in the lower part. Mostly, however, the lateral shoot remains small or does not sprout. Then its bud perishes in the following winter due to insufficient wood maturity. Every grape variety tends to develop stingy shoots to a greater or lesser extent. Growth is promoted by a vigorous rootstock. The picture on the left shows an eye (1), next to which a lateral shoot sprouts on the right (2), a tendril (3) and a petiole (4). The picture on the right shows stinging grapes (Härlinge) after leaf fall in autumn.
Serious sources on the internet are rare - and Wine lexicon from wein.plus is one such source. When researching for my articles, I regularly consult the wein.plus encyclopaedia. There I get reliable and detailed information.Thomas Götz
Weinberater, Weinblogger und Journalist; Schwendi