The list includes wineries, cellars, production companies, trading companies and auction houses. Besides alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, spirits), some of them also produce non-alcoholic beverages, as well as partly completely different products. Measured by the volume of sales of alcoholic beverages, the English multi Diageo is in the lead, followed by the French multi Pernod Ricard in second place and the US multi Constellation Brands in third place. The US Fortune Brands and Gallo multinationals as well as the international Bacardi-Martini Limited group are competing for the fourth place. However, measured by the pure wine share, the ranking would be quite different, since the spirits share in the sales volume is much larger for most of the companies. Some companies are intertwined or have a common history. Others have been dissolved in the course of mergers or acquisitions, but are interesting for historical reasons.