The list includes wineries, cellars, production companies, trading companies and auction houses. In addition to alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, spirits), some also produce non-alcoholic beverages, and in some cases completely different products. Measured by the volume of sales of alcoholic beverages, the English multi Diageo is in the lead, followed by the French multi Pernod Ricard in second place and the US multi Constellation Brands in third place. The fourth place is contested by the US multinationals Fortune Brands and Gallo, as well as the international group Bacardi-Martini Limited. Measured in terms of wine alone, however, the ranking would be quite different, as the spirits share of sales volume is much larger for most companies. Some companies are intertwined or have a common history. Others were dissolved in the course of mergers or takeovers, but are interesting for historical reasons.