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This French region includes the départements of Aude, Gard, Hérault and Lozère (Languedoc), as well as Pyrénées-Orientales (Roussillon) on the Mediterranean coast. It is also the common name for the two wine regions of Languedoc and Roussillon. On 1 January 2016, the region was merged with the neighbouring Midi-Pyrénées region to form the political region Occitanie (French Occitanie with the subtitle Pyrénées-Méditerranée). The area extends in a 230-kilometer semi-circle from Nimes in the east to the edge of the Pyrenees on the Spanish border. It is said that the Celts (Gauls) were already cultivating wine here before the Greeks appeared in the 8th century. However, this is not certain. It is proven that the Romans already planted vineyards in the area of today's appellations Corbières and Minervois in 125 BC.

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