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La Morra

Largest district of the Barolo DOCG area; see there.

DOCG area for dry red wine in the Italian region of Piedmont, named after the municipality of the same name 15 kilometres south of Alba. It was classified as DOC in 1966 and DOCG in 1980. The area comprises around 1,300 hectares of vineyards with countless parcels in the Langhe mountains with the districts (or only parts of them) of Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, Cherasco, Grinziano, La Morra (by far the largest area with a third of the surface area), Monforte d'Alba, Novello Rossi, Serralunga d'Alba and Verduno. These are predominantly south-facing vineyards on steep slopes. The historic core areas of Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, La Morra, Monforte and Serralunga account for more than 80 per cent of production.

Barolo - Schloss und Karte

The birth of Barolo

Until the middle of the 19th century, the wine was not vinified dry. Due to the late ripening of Nebbiolo and the fact that fermentation only took place in the cold season until December, there were insufficient yeasts available. This meant that a relatively high residual sweetness always remained in the wine. Giulietta Falletti (Marquesa of Barolo) called in the French oenologist Louis Oudart to help. He moved the fermentation process to newly constructed underground wine cellars, ensured constant temperatures and improved cellar hygiene. King Victor Emmanuel II (1820-1878) even made his Fontanafredda hunting lodge in the mountains of Serralunga d'Alba (province of Cuneo) and his son Emanuele Alberto (1851-1894) the vineyards available for the cellar experiments. Oudart vinified the wine dry for the first time around 1850 (he later provided similar support for Barbaresco). However, a second version names the oenologist Paolo Francesco Staglieno as the main developer of dry Barolo. He worked at the royal...

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Egon Mark

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Egon Mark
Diplom-Sommelier, Weinakademiker und Weinberater, Volders (Österreich)

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