The consumption of wine has always played an important ritual role in Jewish life at all festivals, with many examples in the Old Testament of the Bible. Moderate consumption is recommended to the faithful as beneficial to health. On the Sabbath, wine is drunk at the beginning (Kiddush) and at the end (Havdala). At the beginning of the Sabbath (Friday evening), a cup of wine (kiddush cup) is filled four times during the celebration. First the father says the blessing over the wine: Blessed are you, God our Lord, ruler of heaven and earth, who created the fruit of the vine. Then he takes a sip and passes it on to everyone. The wine is a symbol of joy that God has given the Jewish people the Sabbath.
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Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg