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Kalimna

Famous vineyard of the Penfolds winery; see there

The winery was founded by the Englishman Dr. Christopher Rawson Penfold (1811-1870) and his wife Mary in 1844 near Adelaide in the Barossa Valley (South Australia). Thus, it is one of the oldest Australian wine estates. The doctor had studied medicine in London and was convinced of the positive medical effectiveness of wine. With vines brought from France, he planted the first vineyard in Magill, near his stone house called "The Grange" (small estate).

For over a hundred years, they produced mainly sherry and port style fortified wines and brandies, most of which were exported to England. After the death of the founder, his wife Mary took over the running of the business. She was succeeded in 1884 by her daughter Georgina and her husband Thomas Hyland. In 1881, the annual production was already around 500,000 litres.

The family business was transformed into a company in 1921. The vineyards were extensively expanded. During the Second World War (1939-1945), the production of fortified wines in the sherry and port style increased again. After the war, Jeffrey Penfold Hyland took over the management of the company and changed the production back to table wines. The family remained at the helm of the company in 1976. In that year, Penfolds was taken over by Tooth & Co brewery, who then sold it to Adelaide Steamship in 1982. These eventually sold all their wineries to multi Southcorp in 1990. This was then taken over by the Foster's beverage multinational in 2005, which in May 2011 outsourced all wine activities to a separate company called Treasury Wine Estates, which...

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