The region with the capital Telavi is located in the east of Georgia. It covers 12,300 km² on the southern slopes of the Great Caucasus. It is the most important and largest wine-growing region with the most Georgian PDO areas of protected origin. These are Akhasheni, Akhmeta, Akhoebi, Gurjaani, Kakheti, Kardenakhi, Kashmi, Kindzmarauli, Kothekhi, Kvareli, Manavi, Mukuzani, Napareuli, Teliani, Tibaani, Tsarapi, Tsinandali and Vazisubani. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with warm summers and moderately cold winters. Average annual precipitation ranges from 400 to 800 mm. Calcareous soils, alluvial soils and black shale predominate. The vineyards are mostly located on the slopes of the Alazani and Iori rivers between 250 and 800 metres above sea level. The traditional sweet Churchkhela, made from nuts dipped in boiled grape must and dried in the sun, also comes from here.
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