The production area is located in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany and is divided into southern Baden and northern Baden. It extends almost 400 kilometres from Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstrasse and Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. The vineyards cover an area of 15,828 hectares. To the north is the city of Heidelberg with the oldest German university, founded in 1386. The Baden Wine Route begins to the north of this city and leads to Ortenau in southern Baden. Already in the 2nd century, viticulture spread from Lake Constance to the north. It reached its peak in the 16th century.
This is the most southern German growing area. Because of its above-average warm climate, Baden is the only one that belongs to wine-growing zone B and thus to the same zone as the French regions Alsace, Savoy and Loire, as well as Austria. The nine areas are quite different in terms of landscape and climate. The highest temperatures are found on the southern slopes of the Kaiserstuhl. The soil types range from gravel, marl and clay to chalk, clay and loess, shell limestone and keuper
The Baden winegrowing region is divided into nine areas: Badische Bergstrasse, Lake Constance, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Kraichgau, Markgräflerland, Ortenau, Tauberfranken and Tuniberg, with 15 large vineyards and 315 individual sites. The Badische Bergstrasse area in the north formed the Bergstrasse cultivation area together with the Hessische Bergstrasse until 1971. This smallest area comprises just under 400 hectares of vineyards. Due to the mild climate, it is also known as the "German Riviera". The vineyards are concentrated in a few villages north and south of Heidelberg. The predominant soil type is loess loam with red sandstone and shell limestone in the subsoil. Contrary to the name, these are vineyards at "only" 150 to 250 meters above sea level. There is only one large vineyard site Rittersberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual sites:
The second smallest area with about 600 hectares of vineyards Lake Constance is the southernmost wine-growing region in Germany. According to a legend, Charles III. (839-888), a great-grandson of Charlemagne (742-814) brought the Pinot Noir to Bodman. Müller-Thurgau was first cultivated on Lake Constance in Germany in the 1920s. The soil is characterised by glacial moraine gravel and molasse (rock deposits). The level of Lake Constance is 396 metres, the vineyards extend to 560 metres above sea level. The extinct volcanic cone Hohentwiel is the highest vineyard in Germany. Because of this altitude, the climate here is relatively cool for bathing. There is only one large area of sunny shores. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual sites:
The Breisgau area comprises around 1,600 hectares of vineyards along the slopes of the Black Forest from Freiburg in the south to Lahr in the north. However, it should not be confused with the much larger geographical region of Breisgau. The soil is dominated by loess, shell limestone and gneiss. There is higher rainfall. The most common varieties are Pinot Noir, with over 40%, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into the three major sites Schutter-Lindenberg, Burg Lichteneck and Burg Zähringen. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual sites:
The Kaiserstuhl area to the south is by far the largest with over 4,100 hectares of vineyards. It is named after the extinct volcanic cone of the same name. Accordingly, volcanic weathering and loess soils predominate. Climatically, the Kaiserstuhl is particularly favourable for winegrowing. The southern slopes around Achkarren and Ihringen are the warmest region in Germany. The most common varieties are Spätburgunder with 40%, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Grauburgunder. There is only one large vineyard called Vulkanfelsen. The winegrowing communities with their individual sites:
The Kraichgau region in the north comprises over 1,200 hectares of vineyards. Until 1996, it formed a common area with the Badische Bergstrasse. The predominant soil type is deep, calcareous loess, which is reflected in the terraces, some of which are very generously curved. In contrast to all other areas, Riesling is at the top here with around 20%, followed by Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into the three major sites Hohenberg, Mannaberg and Stiftsberg. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual sites: