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Juan García

The red grape variety originates from Spain. Synonyms are Gorda, Tinta Gorda (Portugal); Cojón de Gato, Malvasía Negra, Mencía Gorda, Mouratón, Negreda Preta, Negrera, Négron de Aldán, Nepada, Tinta Negreda, Villarino (Spain). According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is probably a natural cross between Cayetana Blanca x Alfrocheiro. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see Molecular Genetics). Despite seemingly indicating synonyms or morphological similarities, it must not be confused with the varieties Aramon Noir, Malvasia Nera di Brindisi (Malvasía Negra), Mencía, Petit Bouschet (Négron de Aldán) or Tempranillo. The early-ripening vine is susceptible to botrytis and powdery mildew. It produces fruity, dark-coloured red wines with moderate alcohol content and herbal aromas. The variety is cultivated in the Castile-León region, mainly in the province of Zamora, e.g. in the DO area of Arribes. The Spanish cultivation area is 1,409 hectares. In Portugal, it is cultivated in the areas of Beiras and Trás-os-Montes on 135 hectares of vineyards. In 2016, a total of 1,545 hectares of vines were reported (Kym Anderson statistics).

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