Already in biblical times, viticulture was practised in the Jordan Valley. The nomadic people of the Nabataeans founded the kingdom of Nabataea with the capital Petra in today's Jordan in 150 BC. Wine presses and wall paintings found near this city suggest a wine culture that was further cultivated under Roman rule from 63 BC. Today, 90% of the inhabitants are Muslims, and viticulture is practised on a small scale by the Christian minority. In 2012, the area under vines covered 4,000 hectares, of which mainly table grapes are produced. A part of it is also used for the brandy Arrak. The vineyards are located in the region around the city of Madaba, which is mentioned several times in the Bible, about 30 kilometres south of the capital Amman. The Celtic varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Muscat Blanc, Pinot Gris and Sauvignon Blanc are cultivated. Nothing is known about the amount of wine produced.