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Jeunes vignes

French term for "young vines", which also appears on the label of mostly simple, light wines. The opposite are "Vieilles vignes"; see under old vines.

As a rule, at least 25-year-old vines are considered "old". The age is often used by producers for advertising purposes to draw attention to a particular quality. This is indicated on the label by designations such as "old vines" or in French "Vieilles vignes". Many French appellation regulations stipulate that no vines under three years of age may be used. Many major wineries in France only use vines with self-imposed (not wine-law) minimum ages for their first wines. However, there is no generally applicable minimum age and the term is therefore used differently and has no meaning in terms of wine law. Sometimes the term is also used to refer to vines that are true to their roots (ungrafted).

Age and yield

After new vine stocks have been planted, the virgin harvest or pressing of the virgin wine takes place after three to five years at the earliest. The age of a vine has an effect on the quality of the wine, often the slogan "the older the better" is heard. Normally, the vigour and yield begin to decline continuously at around 20 years and become uneconomical from around 50 years onwards. In general, vines in Central Europe hardly live more than 25 to 30 years, then they are usually replaced due to lower yields. Slowly, however, a certain trend reversal can be observed. More and more wineries are cultivating vines with the respectable age of 50, 60, 70 and in individual cases even more than 100 years on smaller areas.

Alte Reben - Rebstock und Weintraube

Wines made from them tend to (but not in principle) actually very often show a better quality. One of the reasons is the lower yield, but this should not be overestimated. This is because a number of other factors also play a role, such as the better, more intensive exposure (sunlight) due to the reduced growth of leaves and fruit. Likewise, the widely ramified root system of old vines has a positive effect, although root activity decreases with age....

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