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Inclination

Height difference between two points in relation to their horizontal distance in per cent (%) or degrees (°). The angle is calculated using: arcus tangent x (height difference / distance). An upward slope is called a gradient, a downward slope (the two terms are only linguistically different, mathematically there is no difference). If the slope is 30%, the other point 100 metres away (horizontally) is 30 metres higher, resulting in an angle of 16.69°. An incline of 75% results in an angle of 36.87°. A slope of 100% corresponds to an angle of 45°, i.e. 100 metres horizontally and 100 metres vertically. Up to this gradient, the use of monorack tracks (single-rail rack-and-pinion tracks) is possible in viticulture. An incline of 200% corresponds to an angle of ~64°. For inclination angles just below 90°, the gradient increases to infinity. A gradient of 90° corresponds to a vertical wall. More than 90° corresponds to overhanging walls.

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