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Abbreviation for "International Grape Genome Program", an international cooperation on grape research with the focus on genome research. There are research centres in Australia (where CSIRO is involved), Canada, Chile, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the USA. The determination of the genome sequence of the grapevine was an important prerequisite. The main objectives of the project are to improve yield and quality in grape production by genetic modification of the genome. Among other things, foreign genes with a desired trait, such as resistance to fungi, viruses or insect pests, are introduced into the genetic stock of grape varieties without, however, altering the other genes or properties characteristic of the variety. These techniques are controversial and the discussions about them are very emotional. See also DNA and molecular genetics.

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