The "Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin" was created in 2007 through the merger of the national specialist institutes ENTAV (Etablissement National Technique pour l'Amélioration de la Viticulture) and ITV (Institut Technique de la Vigne et du Vin = Institute for Vine and Wine). The main objective of the institute is to modernise the French wine industry through a variety of research and development projects. A national quality control programme is being developed for the entire production chain in the vineyard and cellar. The research focuses on the selection of the right planting material (grape varieties) taking into account soil types, vine diseases, organic (ecological) viticulture, vinification and quality control. One site is the "Domaine de l'Espiguette" in the Département Gard (Languedoc), where there are 50 hectares of experimental vineyards, a winery for vinification trials and analytical laboratories. Close cooperation also takes place with other institutes. This is, among others, with "V'innopôle Sud-Ouest" in Lisle sur Tarn (Tarn) with its own vineyards and cellars, and with INRAE in the Domaine de Vassal. See also under viticultural institutions.