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An area in the northern section of the Rhône classified as a cru (top appellation), named after the mountain of the same name. In some cases, the labels also include the designations Ermitage, l'Ermitage or l'Hermitage. It is located in the southern part of the section on the left bank of the Rhône. The Crozes-Hermitage area adjoins to the north. Wine is thought to have been grown here by the Phoenicians as early as 400 BC. The Greek historian Strabo (63 BC-28 AD) reported that the banks of the Rhône were covered with vines and possibly meant this area. The name Hermitage derives from the hermit's dwelling of the crusader Henri Gaspard de Sterimberg, who retreated to the hill of Tain from the year 1224 and founded a hermitage (Ermitage) to devote himself to prayer and viticulture.

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