Vessel used in the celebration of the Eucharist (Lord's Supper) in the form of a chalice for receiving the wine of the mass. The use of a chalice goes back to the accounts of Jesus' last meal with his disciples in three of the four Gospels (Mark 14:12-25; Matthew 26:17-29; Luke 22:14-20). Even in antiquity, chalices were made not only from less valuable materials such as bronze or wood, but also from gold and silver. Since the 9th century, however, precious metals such as silver, brass or copper have been used almost exclusively, often decorated with ornaments and Christian symbols. On the classical chalice, the actual cup (cuppa), which is gold-plated on the inside, and the foot are clearly separated from each other. A knob-like thickening (nodus) is formed as an intermediate piece to enable better gripping of the cup.
During the service the measuring cup is set up for use with additional utensils in a festive ceremony (see right picture). On the chalice lies the chalice cloth, on top of it optionally a spoon, with which water is added to the wine if necessary. Then follows the paten, a metal, very flat bowl on which the celebration host, subsequently consumed by the priest, is placed. To cover it, the palla (piece of linen reinforced with cardboard) is placed on top of it, and then the corporal, a folded cloth, on which the chalice and the host bowl are placed. Finally, the chalice is covered with a velum (cloth, cover) to protect it.
In the Roman Catholic Church, the priest, on behalf of all the faithful present, usually takes from the chalice the wine that became the blood of Christ at the consecration. In the Protestant Church, the consumption of wine by all the faithful is much more common, because it follows the sequence of the very first communion. At the beginning of the 20th century the so-called "chalice movement" occurred with the introduction of single chalices. To divide the wine into individual goblets made of stainless steel, ceramics, glass or even plastic, a specially designed pouring goblet is used, if the individual goblets are not filled beforehand.