Designation of a bottle oversize for champagne with the volume of 18 litres or the content of 24 normal bottles. However, the name is not protected of origin, but can be used freely for sparkling wines or wines. It is derived from the legendary hero of the Philistines. The giant warrior was mortally wounded on the forehead by the shepherd boy David (around 1.040-965 B.C.) by a stone thrown with a slingshot in a duel and thus helped the Israelites under King Saul to victory. David later became king of the Israelite double kingdom of Judah-Israel and was father of Solomon (972-932 B.C.). The same bottle size called Melchior was formerly used for still wine. See a list of all bottle designations under Bottles and generally under Wine Vessels.