The white grape variety possibly comes from Italy. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Moscatel Amarillo(Argentina); Moscatel Amarilla?(Chile); Fior d'Arancio, Golden Muscatel, Moscatel, Moscato della Siria, Moscato Giallo (second main name), Moscato Sirio, Muscatedda(Italy); Muscat Zuti(Croatia); Muscat Vert, Muscat du Pays(Switzerland). Although it seems to have synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with Golden Muscat, Muscat Blanc or Muscat Fleur d'Oranger.
According to Wine Grapes, according to DNA analyses carried out in 2001, there is a parent-offspring relationship between Moscato Giallo and Muscat Blanc. In addition, a Moscatel Amarillo is mentioned in this work as an independent variety belonging to the Criolla group. However, there is a discrepancy with other sources. In Kym Anderson's statistics, Moscatel Amarillo (Argentina) and Moscatel Amarilla (Chile) are listed as synonyms for Moscato Giallo. And in the VIVC catalogue, a Torontel variety with the synonym Moscatel Amarillo is also listed as a separate variety and a Moscato Giallo variety without pedigree.
The early to medium-ripe, loose grapevine is resistant to botrytis and, to a limited extent, to both types of mildew, but is susceptible to chlorosis and black spot disease (Phomopsis). It yields golden, aromatic white wines with muscatel. The variety is cultivated under the name Goldmuscatel or Moscato Giallo mainly in the double region Trentino-Alto Adige, but also in Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto. In 2010, stocks of Moscato Giallo were recorded in Argentina (133 ha), Brazil (126 ha), Chile (25 ha), Italy (1,127 ha) and Croatia (59 ha). However, it is not clear whether they are the same variety.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)