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Gigondas

Area classified as Cru (top appellation) in the southern section of the Rhône. As early as 1924, attempts were made to establish a separate designation of origin. At that time the wine was still somewhat derogatorily called "Châteauneuf-du-Pape des pauvres" (Châteauneuf-du-Pape of the poor people). It is earlier ready to drink than its "big brother", but is also one of the great French red wines. The vineyards cover 2,750 hectares, of which about 1,200 are planted. They are located exclusively in the municipality of Gigondas at the foot of the Dentelles de Montmirail mountain range in the department of Vaucluse. The name comes from the Latin Jucunditas (joy or well-being). This was a small town built by the Romans, which was probably a resort. Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) is said to have been a wine lover.

In the 19th century, the area was severely affected by phylloxera, and it was not until the early 1960s that vineyards were planted here again on slopes or large terraces. Due to the soil (alluvial deposits of red, gravelly clay) and the warm climate, the red wine, which is very strong, strong in alcohol and fruity, accounts for 95% of production. It is made from Grenache Noir (maximum 80%), Syrah and/or Mourvèdre (minimum 15%) and all the other red grape varieties authorised in the Côtes du Rhône except Carignan (maximum 10%). In principle, the same applies to the rosé. Well-known producers are Château de Montmirail, Château du Trignon, Château Raspail, Château Redortier, Château de Saint-Cosme, Clos du Joncuas, Domaine La Bouissière, Domaine Brusset, Domaine de Font-Sane, Domaine des Travers, Domaine du Cayron, Domaine du Grand Montmirail, Domaine du Pesquier, Domaine Raspail-Ay and Montirius.

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