Term (also Eastern Switzerland) for the regions and areas of Switzerland with a predominantly German-speaking population. These are Mittelland, Northwestern Switzerland, Eastern Switzerland and Central Switzerland, as well as large parts of the Swiss Alps, which together cover around two-thirds of the country's surface area. In terms of wine law, it is one of the six Swiss wine regions with the 17 German-speaking cantons. The wine-growing cantons with vineyards (some with only a few hectares) are Aargau, Basle Country, Bern (Lake Thun), Glarus, Graubünden, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, St. Gallen, Thurgau and Zurich. Their vineyards cover a total of almost 2,600 hectares of vines with 0.2 hectares in the canton of Nidwalden to 644 hectares in the canton of Zurich. Almost 80% is occupied by red wine varieties with the dominant Pinot Noir (here (Blauburgunder, Clevner), as well as the new varieties Gamaret and Garanoir. The most important white wine variety is Müller-Thurgau (Riesling x Sylvaner), others are Räuschling, Gewürztraminer and Grauburgunder (Pinot Gris).