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Georgia

The Near Eastern state (Russian: Grusinia) east of the Black Sea in Transcaucasia is one of the oldest wine-growing countries. It is also mentioned as the origin of the cultivated grapevine, but according to recent research in what is now Turkey, it is assumed to be in southeast Anatolia (arrow). According to the bible, it landed on Mount Ararat after the end of the Flood Noah. Allegedly the 5,000 year old clay jugs found near the town of Wani in Imeretia are said to have contained seeds of the Rkatsiteli vine. Grape seeds from vines cultivated as early as 7,000 years ago indicate that they were selected for the breeding of better grape varieties. Archaeology has provided evidence that viticulture was very important from the earliest times and was an integral part of Georgian culture. In the museum of the capital Tbilisi (Tbilisi) there is a short piece of vine wood covered with silver, which was found in Trialeti in the south and whose age was determined to be 3,000 BC. Numerous vine knives, stone-stones, mills, clay and metal vessels, as well as jewellery in the form of grapes and vine leaves, dating from between 3000 and 2000 BC, have been excavated in Mukheta, Trialeti and Pitsunda and in the Alazani Valley.

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