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The Near Eastern state (Russian: Grusinia) east of the Black Sea in Transcaucasia is one of the oldest wine-growing countries. It is also named as the origin of the cultivated grapevine, which, however, according to recent research, is believed to be in today's Turkey in south-eastern Anatolia (arrow). According to the Bible, Noah landed on Mount Ararat at the end of the Flood. Allegedly, the 5,000-year-old clay jars found near the town of Wani in Imeretia contained seeds of the Rkatsiteli vine. Grape seeds from cultivated vines as early as 7,000 years old indicate selection for breeding better grape varieties. Archaeology has provided evidence that viticulture was of great importance from the earliest times and was an integral part of Georgian culture. In the museum of the capital Tbilisi (Tiflis), there is a short piece of vine wood covered with silver that was found in Trialeti in the south and whose age was determined to be 3,000 BC. Numerous vine knives, stone stars, mills, clay and metal vessels as well as jewellery in the form of grapes and vine leaves dating from between 3000 and 2000 BC have been excavated in Mukheta, Trialeti and Pitsunda as well as in the Alazani Valley.

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