The red grape variety originates from Spain and belongs to the Garnacha group (see the pedigree there). Synonyms are Garnatxa Peluda, Grenache d'Afrique, Grenache Noir Tomenteux, Grenache Poilu, Grenache Velu, Lladoner Pelud, Lladoner Pelut and Lledoner Pelut. It is a somatic mutation of Garnacha Tinta. The difference is the furry, hairy undersides of the leaves (peludo = furry, very hairy), which delays evaporation. It is less susceptible to trickle and downy mildew. The variety has smaller, thicker-skinned berries and produces red wines with a higher acidity but lighter alcohol content than Garnacha Tinta.
It is cultivated in Spain in the regions of Castilla y León, Catalonia and La Mancha in 799 hectares. It is mostly used here as a blending partner with the two varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Tempranillo. In France, it is authorised in the Languedoc in the appellations Corbières, Faugères, Minervois and Saint-Chinian, and in Roussillon in Côtes du Roussillon and Côtes du Roussillon-Villages and occupies 407 hectares. In 2010, a total of 1,206 hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012