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Garage wine

A term created in the 1990s, particularly in Saint-Émilion (Bordeaux), France, for special wines (French: vin de garage or vin de salon) produced in very small quantities, often only a few hundred cases or a few thousand bottles. These wineries are also referred to here as "garagiste" or "micro-château", although not all are necessarily small. The term garage wine is not to be understood literally. It derives from the computer industry, where from the 1970s onwards small companies (such as Apple, Microsoft and INTEL) produced high-quality, innovative products in simply equipped premises and also actually in garages. These were called "garage companies" and gave rise to the boom in California's "Silicon Valley". Garage wines are characterised by the lowest yields from often very old vineyards, the strictest manual selection of the highly ripe grapes, barrique ageing in 100% new barrique barrels and no or only gentle filtration. As a rule, these are full-bodied and high-alcohol red wines of the highest quality, often using the grape varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot (also varietal).

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