The red grape variety comes from Italy. The name means "partridge foot" after the red grape stems. Synonyms are Gamba 'd Pernis, Gamba di Pernice, Neretto degli Alteni, Pernice, Pernicine Nell'Albese. The old variety was mentioned in 1787 by Nuvolone Pergamo, Conte di Scandaluzza. It is cultivated in Piedmont under Gamba di Pernice in the province of Asti (DOC area Calosso), and under Neretto degli Alteni in the province of Cuneo. The vine produces purplish, spicy red wines with aromas of pepper and green peppers. In 2010, only one hectare was designated under the name Gamba Rossa (statistics Kym Anderson).