The red grape variety originates from France. Synonyms are Gamay Chaudenay, Gamay de Chaudenay, Gamay Six Pièces, Gros Mourot, Plant Gris, Plant Rouge de Chaudenay and Teinturier de Chaudenay. It was discovered in 1832 by Jean-Marie Bidault in a vineyard in the eponymous commune of Chaudenay in the Côte d'Or area of Burgundy. It is a mutation of the Gamay Teinturier de Bouze (a mutant Gamay). The early-maturing vine is susceptible to botrytis, black spot disease, wood diseases and yellowing. It produces enormously colourful red wines and is therefore used as a teinturier (colouring grape). It is grown exclusively in Burgundy. In 2016, 142 hectares of vines were reported with a decreasing trend (Kym Anderson Kym statistics).