The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Gamay Bouze, Gamay de Bouze, Gamay de Teinturier Bouze, Gamay Mourot, Mouraud, Moureau, Mourot, Plant de Bouze, Plant Rouge de Bouze, Rouge de Bouze and Teinturier de Bouze. It was discovered in the 19th century in the municipality of Bouze near Beaune in the Burgundy region of the Côte d'Or. Its ancestry is unclear, it is either a red-fleshed mutation of the Gamay variety, or a descendant of Gamay x Teinturier du Cher. By mutation, Gamay Teinturier de Bouze became the more colourful Gamay Teinturier de Chaudenay. The early maturing vine is susceptible to botrytis, black spot disease, wood diseases and yellowing. It produces less colourful wines than its mutation and is therefore called "Semi-Teinturier". The variety is cultivated in Burgundy, where a total of 268 hectares of vineyards were designated in 2010. A small population of 10 hectares also exists in Moldavia.