Autonomous region or historical landscape of Spain with about 30,000 km² in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, which extends along the Atlantic coast. In the south, the region borders on Portugal and to the east on the Basque Country, with which Galicia belongs to "green Spain". Separated by high mountains from Castilla y León, an isolated development influenced by Portugal has taken place. Native inhabitants were the Celts (Galician = from Gaul) in the west and the Basques in the east. In the 5th century the Germanic Swebs invaded and in 585 the Visigoths conquered it. After the liberation from the Moorish rule in the 8th century, it first belonged to the kingdom of Asturias, later to León and Castile. At the time of the independent kingdom of Asturias, Santiago de Compostela (end point of the famous pilgrimage route) was the capital.