The white grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Dourada, Rutherglen Pedro(Australia); Assario, Dourado, Galego, Gallego, Moscato Galego Dourado, Olho de Lebre(Portugal); False Pedro, Pedro Luis(South Africa). Although it appears to have synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the varieties Alvarinho, Cañocazo, Loureiro or Pedro Ximénez. The parentage (parenthood), as well as whether there is a relationship with the red variety Galego Dourado Tinto, is unknown.
The early-ripening vine is susceptible to powdery and downy mildew and especially botrytis. It produces aromatic, alcoholic white wines, which are used for fortified sweet wines. A reactivation programme was started in 2004 for this almost extinct variety. It is cultivated in Portugal in the Carcavelos and Lisboa areas on 13 hectares. In South Africa, it was erroneously introduced as Pedro Ximénez, which is where the synonym False Pedro comes from. Here it occupies only three hectares of vineyards, with a sharply declining trend. In 2010, a total of 16 hectares of vineyard area were designated (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)