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Friuli Venezia Giulia

The region (also short Friuli) with the capital Trieste is located in the extreme northeast of Italy. It borders Austria to the north and Slovenia to the east. The Friuli region is the largest part of the region and includes the provinces of Pordenone and Udine, parts of Gorizia (but not Trieste), the province of Belluno and 11 municipalities of the province of Venice in Veneto. The area has always been a borderland with alternating rule under Rome, Byzantium, Venice and the Hapsburg Empire. In 181 B.C. the Romans founded the colony of Aquilieia and brought their wine culture with them. However, they already found and further developed a viticulture founded by the Celts, as many archaeological finds testify. Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.) then extended his rule, and the name Julian (Giulia) goes back to him. In 53 B.C. he founded the city of Forum Iulii (Julius's marketplace) (today's Cividale), from which Friuli was born.

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