The red grape variety comes from Portugal. Since 2002, the former name Touriga Francesca may no longer be used due to a complaint by the French wine lobby and a court order. Synonyms are Albino de Souza, Esgana Cão Tinto, Tinta Barca, Touriga Frances, Touriga Francesa and Tourigo Francês. It must not be confused with the other Touriga varieties or Tinta da Barca, despite synonyms and morphological similarities which seem to indicate this. It is not a mutation of the white variety Sercial (Esgana Cão). According to DNA analyses carried out in 2011, it is a presumably natural cross between Marufo and Touriga Nacional. With the same parents the variety Tinta Barroca was created (which is based on only 12 DNA markers; see molecular genetics).