The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between Champion(Concord x Hartford) x Lucile (Wyoming O.P.). Synonyms are Black Niagara, Early Concord, Gladwin 15 and Island Belle. There are genes from Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera included. The hybrid was crossed in 1915 by the breeder Fred E. Gladwin at the Vine Breeding Institute of Cornell University in Geneva, New York State. She was a crossbreeding partner in the new varieties Bluestar, Monticello, Suffolk Red, Valiant and Van Buren. This is an all-female grape variety. The early-ripening vine is resistant to frost, but susceptible to anthracnose, black spot disease and downy mildew. It produces rose-coloured wines with foxton, but is mainly used as a table grape and for the production of jelly and grape juice. The variety is grown in the US states of Michigan (17 ha), New York (7 ha) and Pennsylvania (13 ha). In 2010, a total of 37 hectares of vineyard area was declared (statistics Kym Anderson).
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)