The cultivation area is located on the northern edge of the state of Bavaria in Germany and is crossed by the Main River in a large W shape. A special feature is that the Bavarian vineyards on Lake Constance around Lindau belong to the Württemberg growing region. The vineyards cover 6,130 hectares of vineyard area, most of which extend between Aschaffenburg and Schweinfurt. All vineyards are planted on south-facing valley slopes on the banks of the Main or in side valleys of its tributaries. It is an ancient wine-growing region, as evidenced by a deed of donation from the year 777 to the monastery of Fulda, to which the royal estate of Hammelburg with eight vineyards (Saaleck Castle with Schlossberg) was assigned. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) documented a description of the district between Randersacker and Würzburg from 14 October 779.