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The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Albanella Gentile, Barbarossa, Brugnera, Brugnola, Canèna, Canina Nera, Cannina, Costa d'Oro, Forcella, Fortana Nera, Oliva, Orzese, Prugnola, Uva Canina, Uva Cornetta, Uva d'Oro di Bertinoro, Uva d'Oro di Cesena, Uva d'Oro di Comacchio, Uva d'Oro di Forli, Uva d'Oro di Poggio delle Rose, Uva d'Oro di Ravenna, Uva d'Oro di Romagna, Uva d'Oro Raspo Rosso, Uva d'Oro Sgaravella, Uva Francese Nera, Uva Vecchia (Italy); Rapa (Switzerland). According to Wine Grapes, Canina Nera, which is named as distinct in the VIVC catalogue, is identical. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the Brugnola, Drupeggio (Canina) or Mazzese (Orzese) varieties. According to legend, it comes from the Côte d'Or in Burgundy, which could also be indicated by synonyms. According to the legend, the vine was brought to Burgundy by the daughter of King Louis XII. According to legend, the vine was brought to Emilia-Romagna by the daughter of King Louis XII (1462-1515) in the duchy of the Este family.The vine was already mentioned in 1550 as the "Golden Grape" (Uva d'Oro).

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