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Under this name, various white, red and black berry grape varieties are cultivated in Greece on some islands in the Aegean Sea, as well as in the regions of Macedonia and Thrace. The name is derived from Phokaia (Phocaea), an ancient Greek city on the west coast of Anatolia (now Foça in Turkey), which was settled by the Ionians.

Fokiano - Weintraube

A red grape variety Fokiano descends from the Cyclades, located in the south of the Aegean Sea, and is considered the "true" variety of that name. Synonyms are Arigarades, Damaskino, Fokiana, Fokiano Kokkino, Fokiano Mavro, Giouroukiko, Ghiouroukiko, Iricaras, Irikaras, Phokiano Kokkineli and Phokiano Mavro. The parentage is unknown. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2004, it is identical to the red-berry variety Giouroukiko, which is identical to the white variety Skiadopoulo (colour mutation of Fokiano) cultivated on Zakynthos. The assumption that the Turkish Iri Kara is also identical has not been confirmed by DNA analyses. The early to medium ripening vine is generally resistant to vine diseases and drought. It produces rather low-coloured and low-acid red wines with plum and fig flavours. The variety is also used as table grape. In 2016, 212 hectares of vines were designated (Kym Anderson).

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