The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Fogarina di Gualtieri, Fugarina, Gogarina di Gualtieri, Passetta, Uva di Gualtieri and Uva Fogarina. It must not be confused with the variety Uva Fogarina (ex Wine Grapes; there is no separate Uva Fogarina in the VIVC catalogue ). According to DNA analyses carried out in 2011, there is a parent-offspring relationship with the variety Raboso Piave (synonym Fogarina) and a close relationship with the variety Lambrusco Marani. According to a local story, the variety Fogarina was found and propagated in 1820 by a Carlo Simonazzi northwest of Bologna. The late maturing, high-yielding vine produces red wines rich in tannins, colour and acidity. There is a popular folk song called "L'uva Fogarina" in which the vine is sung about. It was once widespread in Emilia-Romagna in the provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia, and in Lombardy in the province of Mantua. In the 1960s, however, it was threatened with extinction. At the end of the 1990s it was reactivated with new plantings, to which Fabio Simonazzi (not related to the above-mentioned) from Pieve di Gualteri (Reggio Emilia) contributed in particular. It is authorised in the DOC wine Reggiano. In 2016, five hectares of vineyards were designated (statistics Kym Anderson).