In the Swiss canton of Valais
, a common and protected name for varietal white wines from Chasselas
(Gutedel), as well as the name of the grape variety commonly used here. The name is derived from the characteristic property of the grape berries to burst or split (fendre = to split, crack, burst). There are three quality levels. The top wines bear the names of municipalities and sites, for example "Fendant de Sion"; the best sites are in the municipalities of Ardon, Conthey, Leytron, St. Leónhard, Sitten and Vétroz. The second stage is called "Fendant de choix" and the third stage "Fendant courant", which is usually sold as an open draught wine
in the canton of Vaud and Perlan
in the canton of Geneva are without wine law concerns.