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This most famous of all ancient wines was considered "the wine of the Caesars" from the 1st to the 4th century. It was produced on the border between Lazio and Campania on the southern slopes of Monte Massico, at the fork of the two roads Via Appia and Via Domizina. It was divided into three vineyards or qualities: the Cauciner was cultivated at the top of the hills, the Faustitian on the slopes and the actual Falerno at the foot of the hills. The vines grew on trees or were pulled on trellises. The Roman scholar Pliny the Elder (23-79 A.D.) reports that "the best quality comes from the Faustus vineyard, there are the three types dry, sweet and light (austerum, dulce, tenue) and that it catches fire (due to its high alcohol content) if you hold a flame against it". Horace (65-8 BC), Martial (40-102) and Virgil (70-19 BC) also praised the Falernian in their works. The Greek doctor Galen (129-199) also counts it among the best wines of his time. And the imperial philosopher Marcus Aurelius (121-180) mentions it as follows:

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