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This most famous of all ancient wines was considered "the wine of the Caesars" from the 1st to the 4th century. It was produced on the border between Lazio and Campania on the southern slopes of Monte Massico, at the fork of the two roads Via Appia and Via Domizina. It was divided into three sites or qualities: the Cauciner was grown at the top of the hills, the Faustitian on the slopes and the Falernese proper at the foot of the hills. The vines grew on trees or were trained on trellises at that time. The Roman scholar Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) reported " that the best quality comes from the vineyard of Faustus, there are the three kinds dry, sweet and light (austerum, dulce, tenue) and that it catches fire (due to the high alcohol content) when you hold a flame to it". Horace (65-8 BC), Martial (40-102) and Virgil (70-19 BC) also praised the Falernian in their works. The Greek physician Galen (129-199) also counted it among the best wines of his time. And the imperial philosopher Marcus Aurelius (121-180) mentions it as follows:

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Thomas Götz

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Thomas Götz
Weinberater, Weinblogger und Journalist; Schwendi

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,076 Keywords · 46,829 Synonyms · 5,324 Translations · 31,411 Pronunciations · 186,794 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon