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Englerth Sebastian

Englerth Sebastian Sebastian Englerth (1804-1880), a German wine-growing estate owner, innkeeper and wine merchant from Randersacker in Franconia, is regarded as an important pioneer in viticulture. After his training in viticulture in his parents' business, he attended advanced training courses and continued his education as an autodidact. In 1863 he established his own vine nursery and selected and propagated Silvaner, Riesling and Traminer as well as table grape varieties. He worked intensively on the phenology of the vine. He summarized his observations in four volumes, three of which are still preserved. His extensive range of vines included 140 grape varieties. In 1864 Englerth created the new breed Bukettrebe. In 1873 he was awarded the Progress Medal at the World Exhibition in Vienna for his ampelographic work. One year later he was asked to report on the phylloxera plague in Franconia. In 1879 he completed the creation of the first Franconian vineyard register. Only a third of the 13,000 hectares of Franconian vineyards at that time were considered by him to be worthy of being planted with vines.

Englerth held numerous functions, for example as a confidant of the hackers and wine merchants in the German society for farmers and foresters, fruit and wine producers. He was passionately committed to natural wine and against the production of artificial wine and above all the wet sugaring propagated by Dr. Heinrich Gall (1791-1863). In 1874 he was co-founder of the German Wine Growers' Association in Trier and in 1875 initiated the foundation of the Franconian Wine Growers' Association. He was the initiator of a viticultural experimental station and encouraged the foundation of cellar cooperatives. Publications are German viticulture and wine trade, its possible competition with the French, and the chemical wine improvement (1848), Dr. Gall's wine refinement (1855) and Der Deutsche Weinbau und Weinhandel vom Regen in die Traufe (1879).

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