The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Enfariné du Jura, Gaillard, Gouais Noir and Grison. There is also a variety with grey berries called Enfariné Gris (Gouais Gris). There are morphological similarities with the Gueuche Noir variety. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it comes from a presumably natural cross between Gouais Blanc (Heunisch) x unknown variety. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics). The late ripening, high-yielding vine is generally resistant to various vine diseases. It produces simple red wines for rather quick consumption. Some producers are trying to revive it by planting new vines. It is produced in small quantities in the two départements of Jura and Doubs. In 2010, half a hectare was recorded in Doubs (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)